childhood, the UN Conventions on the Rights of the Child, mentioned
earlier, which is a unique document ratified by 192 countries
in the world, except one country in the UN, the United States.
Reflected by the changes in society, its moral and political attitudes,
its a holistic view on children and highly respective that
children are people therefore they are entitled to all human rights.
And I think, and I have seen since I have been working internationally
on childrens issues since the beginning of the 80s that
the conventions are redefining, globally, our views on what childhood
is and its primarily a proactive document, not reactive.
Though in debate, also what is happening now in England, some
of the parliamentarians want to incorporate fully the Conventions
which we have done in Norway after a strong fight between the
Government and Ombudsman. Now its in, the parliament passed
legislation so from the 1st October 2004 it's fully incorporated,
which means it's law in Norway. It is a strong legislation, but
it is not only a legislative document, its also a political
and social document and we have to remember that. So we dont
move all cases into the courtroom and child welfare will be defined
by exercises in the courtroom by lawyers. It should be everyones
responsibility to develop a good child policy and child welfare
the Childs Rights generation, if you go into the Convention,
consists of the three Ps, Protection, Participation and
Provision and if you go into the Geneva document websites and
see all the reports coming from States, they always start with
protection and then they go to provision and then, maybe, if they
have time, money and space they say something about participation.
As if thats the way we should think, but the Convention
says completely different and thats the platform for my
work as an ombudsman. That is it should be seen as a dynamic process,
that you have protection, provision and participation interacting
with each other. The best way of protection is of course participation.